When the pressure is high, above 14 by 9, it is accompanied by other symptoms such as very severe headache, nausea, blurred vision, dizziness and if you have a diagnosis of high blood pressure, it should be:
- Take the medicine indicated by the cardiologist for SOS situations;
- Go to the emergency room if you don’t get better in 1 hour because it could be a medical emergency.
However, when you are not hypertensive and your blood pressure is high, without any other symptoms you are advised:
- Try to relax a little and wait 1 hour to measure the pressure again.
If after that, the pressure remains high, you should make an appointment with a cardiologist as soon as possible, as this may indicate a condition of hypertension that may require treatment with medication to regulate the pressure, indicated by the cardiologist.
Because the pressure gets high
High blood pressure is more common in people with hypertension, which arises when the blood has more difficulty passing through the arteries, which usually happens due to the accumulation of fatty plaques inside it.
However, having high blood pressure for a short period of time is something that can happen to anyone, and at any age, especially after situations like:
- Receive bad news;
- Get very emotional;
- Make a great meal;
- Make a very intense physical effort.
Thus, having a high blood pressure spike occasionally is not a concern and is generally easily controllable, especially when the person is apparently healthy. However, if high blood pressure is very constant, it is important to see a general practitioner to assess the chances of having hypertension.
People who suffer from hypertension should also check their blood pressure periodically at the pharmacy, in addition to taking the drugs prescribed by the doctor and maintaining healthy habits, such as eating a diet low in salt and fat, and regularly practicing light to moderate exercise.
What to do to control high blood pressure
To control high blood pressure, avoiding its complications, the hypertensive person should measure blood pressure at least once a week, writing down his values to show the cardiologist at the next appointments. This way the doctor can have a better perception of how the pressure behaves and can indicate the most appropriate treatment.
However, other equally important attitudes that should be adopted to help control pressure better are:
- Weight loss, maintaining the ideal weight;
- Eat a low salt diet;
- Practice physical exercises;
- Quit smoking, if applicable;
- Avoid stressful environments;
- Always take the medicine that the doctor tells you to.
An effective home treatment to control high blood pressure is orange juice with eggplant. Beat the eggplant in a blender with 1 glass of natural orange juice and strain afterward. It is recommended to drink this juice every morning for breakfast.