If you want to know how chemo is, well roughly so: the person does blood tests to assess immunity, there is an average reading value to ensure that the application can be done. The patient enters a single room or not (depending on the hospital, health plan and etc.) and receives in the first vein a series of medications and then chemo. This process can take about 2 to 3 hours.
It is important to say that the treatments are very varied and although they say that the red one is stronger and it makes the hair fall and the white that say that it is a little lighter, everything depends on the dosages, types of medicines and other factors.
So once again focus on your treatment
The hospital will provide (or should provide) a booklet with possible side effects and measures to ameliorate them, so be aware but do not think that everything will happen to you as it does not happen. Just prepare and learn to listen to your body because it will tell you what is not going well.
The metabolism gets altered and your body trying to adapt to all that chemistry is coming in. As the application of the drug is cumulative, at the end of treatment, fatigue, which is the most common side effect to all patients, becomes more evident.
Side effects range from drug to drug. In addition, some effects are cumulative, that is, they only occur after a few cycles of a given chemotherapy.
The most common effects are:
- Decreased white blood cells (increases risk of infections).
- Decreased red blood cells (anemia, associated with tiredness).
- Decreased platelets (increased risk of bleeding, if severe).
- Tingling in the hands and feet, often associated with decreased sensitivity (neuropathy).
- Falling hair.
- Thrush and diarrhea (both caused by mucositis).
- Abdominal cramps.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Increased sensitivity of the skin to the sun.
More rarely do they occur:
- Decreased contractile force of heart muscle (heart failure), arrhythmias, spasm of the coronary arteries (with symptoms of myocardial infarction).
- Pulmonary toxicity with shortness of breath, dry cough.