What is Prader-Willi
syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome is the most common genetic cause of potentially fatal obesity in children. People with Prader-Willi syndrome have problems in the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that controls the feeling of hunger and satiety. As a result, having Prader-Willi syndrome never feels satiated and has a constant uncontrollable need to eat.
Cause of Prader-Willi syndrome
Most cases of Prader-Willi syndrome result from a spontaneous genetic error that occurs at conception in genes on chromosome 15. In very rare cases the mutation is inherited.
Symptoms of Prader-Willi Syndrome
There are usually two stages of symptoms for people with Prader-Willi syndrome.
Stage 1 Symptoms of Prader-Willi Syndrome
Newborn babies with Prader-Willi syndrome may have weak muscle tone, which can affect their ability to suction. As a result, babies may need special feeding techniques to help them eat and may have trouble gaining weight. As your baby grows, your strength and muscle tone usually improve.
Prader-Willi Syndrome Symptoms Stage 2
Between 1 and 6 years of age, the disorder changes to constant hunger and food demand. Most people with Prader-Willi syndrome have an insatiable appetite. The brain tells them they are hungry. They have trouble regulating their food and may require outside restrictions on food, including cooking and food-locked areas.
This problem is made worse because people with Prader-Willi syndrome use fewer calories because they have less muscle mass. The combination of eating huge amounts of food and not burning enough calories can lead to potentially fatal obesity if the diet is not kept under strict control.
There are other symptoms that can affect people with Prader-Willi syndrome, including:
- * Behavioral problems.
- * Delayed development of motor skills and speech due to poor muscle tone.
- * Cognitive problems.
- * Repetitive thoughts.
- * Low levels of sex hormones.
Not all symptoms will appear in all people with Prader-Willi syndrome, and they can range from mild to severe. If obesity is prevented, people with Prader-Willi syndrome may have a normal life expectancy.
Treatment for Prader-Willi
syndrome Prader-Willi syndrome can not be cured. However, early intervention can help build skills to adapt to this disorder. Early diagnosis can also help parents learn about this condition and prepare for future challenges.
Physical exercises can help control weight and help with motor skills. Therapy may be needed to help with speech. Human growth hormone may be useful in the treatment of Prader-Willi syndrome. It can help increase height, decrease body fat, and raise muscle mass. However, no medication has been found to control the appetite of people with Prader-Willi syndrome.